Dr. Maria Montessori was born on August 31, 1870, in Chiaravalle, Italy. Montessori graduate with high honors from the medical school of the University of Rome in 1896 to become the first female doctor in Italy. She specialized in pediatrics and psychiatry. While working at the university in Rome, she observed that intrinsic intelligence was present in children of all socio-economic backgrounds.
Montessori's success with developmentally disabled children spurred her desire to test her teaching methods on "normal" children. She was given the chance to test her theory by the Italian government in 1907 when she was placed in charge of 60 students ranging in age who came from 1 to 6 from low-income households. The school, called Casa dei Bambini (or Children's House), enabled Montessori to create the "prepared learning" environment she believed was conducive to sense learning and creative exploration. Educators were urged to "follow the child"—that is, to let children's natural interests take the lead by taking a step back. Over the years, Montessori tweaked her methods through trial and error. Her writings further served to spread her ideology throughout Europe and the United States. The 1960s witnessed a resurgence in Montessori schools, led by Dr. Nancy McCormick Rambusch. Today, Montessori's teaching methods continue to "follow the child" all over the globe.
[ 100 years of educational success ]

A Montessori curriculum uses hands-on, multi-sensory/multi-modality instruction. This means that concepts are not just taught by rote memorisation or out of a textbook; learning is activity- based, allowing children to explore and learn using scientifically designed hands-on materials in a prepared environment.

Montessori education is based on the belief that all children are individuals and thus have their own unique learning styles and interests and are encouraged to be the best they can be. The teacher guides each child through the learning process, using materials that fit their specific needs and pace instead of focusing on the daily lesson plan.
Montessori education focuses not only on academics, but also on essential life skills and character development. The Montessori social curriculum, which incorporates virtue and empathy training, is incorporated into daily school life.